First Aid

First aid is the first help administered to overcome an injury or other malady, whether administered by yourself or another person. Be ready, have a basic first aid kit and the knowledge to use it properly.

The first and most important thing you should do is take a Red Cross sponsored course. This website is not intended to be an alternative, or a training course.

You can contact your local Red Cross chapter to find out when and where these courses are given or go through your local hospital or even your local fire department.

Having spent years both involved with search and rescue and as a firefighter, I can’t stress getting hands on first aid training enough.
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Don’t take information gleaned from any random website verbatim. Seek a trusted qualified professional for verification at the very least.
The key is to actively educate yourself, and have a basic first aid kit. Keep a reference handbook in your survival kit.
The following are suggestions to consider in a situation where first aid is needed:
Bleeding: If the blood is pulsing out, apply direct pressure to stop it. Clamp off the damaged vein or artery if necessary. A tourniquet should be used as a last resort. Treat serious bleeding first because death can occur within seconds in some cases.
Breathing: Clear airways and perform CPR if necessary. If someone stops breathing for four minutes, brain damage will occur, death within six.
Shock: Keep warm, lay flat and elevate feet. If no abdominal injury, give warm liquid.
Chest or internal injuries: Treat for shock and get help as soon as possible.
Small cuts & scrapes:  Treat by washing thoroughly with soap and water. Apply a band aid or dressing if necessary. Telfa pads wont stick to healing wounds or burns.
Burns: Apply burn ointment to burns and dress with telfa pads. Keeping a burn covered so air can’t get to the burn will help reduce pain for the victim.
Sprains: Immobilize and apply ice or cold wet towels to keep swelling to a minimum.
Breaks: Immobilize and splint.
Frostbite: Immerse affected area in cool water, ( lukewarm water will feel scalding to the victim.)
Hypothermia: This can occur at temperatures in the 60’s . This is when the core body temperature drops below normal. Keep the person warm and dry. Use blankets, warm stones or your own body heat to warm them up.
Heat stroke: Cool them down, Give plenty of liquids, cool wet cloth to face and back of neck, keep them in a shaded area.
Dehydration: Give Plenty of liquids in small doses, large doses will cause vomiting and defeat the purpose in your efforts to re-hydrate them, or yourself. Signs of dehydration include; dark colored and/or strong smelling urine, sunken eyes, erratic emotional swings, also, failure of blood to return instantly to the nail beds ( the nails stay white for several seconds when the fingertips are gently squeezed. )
With the knowledge gained from a certified course you can make educated choices with regard to assembling your own kit.

Knowing basic first aid will give you a sense of security in yourself and, who knows, may make you somebody else’s hero.
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Scott Falls, Alger County, Michigan
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Basic Survival Skills
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The following recipes contain ingredients found in the wilderness