emergency shelter.
snowy field and bare trees
Scott Falls, Alger County, Michigan
A forest bed of wild leeks
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Basic Survival Skills

Survival Shelters

Survival shelters are a place to get out of the weather.  Even on a clear and balmy night you will want to escape the bugs.
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To create a tie point on your tarp where there is no grommet, wrap a small stone
inside the tarp and tie it there
(Use either the clove hitch,
mooring hitch, or the cinch knot for this purpose.  This
will give you a secure anchor for tying to ground stakes or whatever else is handy.
tarp tie point
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Modern survival shelters:
Tents. Tents come in all shapes and sizes. Everyone has their personal preference. For a survival kit you would want something light, compact, and easy to set up.
Waterproof sleeping bags. A wet bag makes for miserable sleep. Bag weight depends on the season of the year. i.e. a 40 degree rating is good for late spring through early fall. In some areas in the winter you need one rated for minus 30 degrees.
Tarps or plastic sheeting for a makeshift tent and/or ground cloth to keep the moisture from permeating your bones.
Rustic shelters
Caves make excellent survival shelters but beware the possibility of current inhabitants.
A rock shelf overhang can offer temporary shelter from the elements as long as the wind direction is cooperative.
Lee side of an uprooted tree or a large log. (Note:  the lee side of anything is the side away from the wind.) could be quite homey if you have a tarp to create shelter using the uprooted tree as one wall.
Hollow tree if it is big enough.
A lean-to made with a tarp or pine boughs tied together offers minimal shelter from the elements but will work in an emergency situation.
A debris hut is very work intensive but well worth it if you will be at the same location for more than a day.  It will take at least two hours to construct one, or longer if you are inexperienced.  A well placed camp fire strongly increases the comfort zone for any shelter.
Caves, Eben Junction, Michigan
Tarp Shelter
Minamilist shelter made with sticks and pine boughs.
Shelter site selections:
A site that is suitable for signaling from, if necessary, near a clearing large enough to build a signal fire or place some signs that could be seen from a plane.
If possible, place your shelter within a reasonable distance to a water source.
Try to pick a spot where enough building and campfire materials are available.
The site should offer protection from prevailing conditions such as high water or flood, high wind, and falling trees.
Tools needed to build a basic shelter
These items should be included in your survival kit.
Tarp (approx. 8 x 10 )
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Remember the old Boy Scout motto, "Be Prepared". 
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Rock or mud slide areas
Dry river beds may look safe but a storm many miles away could send a serious torrent of water cascading down the river bed washing away everything in its path, including you if you are there.
Boggy earth
Ant hills and ground wasps
Any shelter should keep the warmth in and the sun, wind, rain or snow out and have good ventilation.
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The following recipes contain ingredients found in the wilderness
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